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About Qatar

About Qatar

Qatar is an Arab country located in the east of the Arabian Peninsula in Southwest Asia, overlooking the Arabian Gulf and its capital Doha. In the early twentieth century, Qatar became independent from Britain in 1971, Qatar has emerged as one of the world's most important producers of oil and gas. It is an Islamic State. In 25, June 2013, the country has been governed by HH Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad bin Khalifa Al-Thani.



Qatar is located in the middle of the western coastline of the Arabian Gulf, between latitudes 24 to 27.26 - 10d. North and linear height 45-50 ,40-51 east, stretching Qatar Peninsula in the north, covering an area of 11,572 square kilometers, and includes the state on a number of islands and rocky chains and shallow water along the coast of the most famous Halul Islands, Shira'aw, Ashat and Albshirah.



Qatar has a desert climate with hot summers, warm winters and scarce rainfall.


Main Cities

Doha (the capital), Al Wakra, Al Khor, Dukhan, Al Shamal, Mesaieed, Ras Laffan


Islam is the official religion of the State of Qatar, and the Islamic Law (Sharia) shall be the principal source of its legislation.



Arabic is the official language of the country, though English is widely spoken.



Qatar has a population of about 2,587,564 million people, according to 2016 census.


Qatari riyal is the basic currency of the State of Qatar unit, consisting of the riyal 100 dirhams issued by Qatar Central Bank, and is linked to the Qatari Riyal in US dollars at a fixed rate of 3.64 riyals to the dollar


The national flag of the State of Qatar, his color Burgundy crossed white color, with a nine - serrated portion maroon color.
Changes in the social character of the Qatari society are visible with the introduction of balanced education system spearheaded by Qatar Foundation under the dynamic leadership of Her Highness Sheikha Moza Bint Nasser Al Misnad, wife of H.H. the Emir. The Qatar Foundation’s objective is the social uplift, especially of women and the underprivileged. The Social Development Council and Family Development Centre operate under the guidance of the Qatar Foundation aiming particularly at the socio-economic development of women through employment and small industrial and trading investments in Qatar.

The above are considered the beginning of more far reaching changes in social scenarios of the State of Qatar while keeping traditional, religious and philosophical background of the indigenous people who have rich Arabic cultural background and centuries of glorious history. No society can isolate itself from technology and information age. However, it is only those societies who absorb the good aspects of global changes, and at the same time maintain their social backgrounds can emerge as balanced political and social reigns. Qatar will shortly be one such country.



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